Drought/ Climate Change
Following the failure of the Gu and Deyr rainy seasons, Somaliland is in drought, considered severe-extreme by the United Nations. Reports indicate that over half of livestock have died, and many people are struggling to obtain even basic drinking water. Aside from the human impact, the drought is likely taking a toll on the frankincense trees, preventing them from producing resin in large quantities.
As climate change progresses, these droughts may become more frequent and more severe. Additionally, warming will likely reduce the oceanic fogs that sustain the high-elevation forests of the escarpment. Sustainability in the region will require further water infrastructure projects.