The Cal Madow is one of the last and best examples of juniper forest in Somaliland. For decades, suggestions of degradation have been made, but aside from anecdotal observations by visitors, no significant assessment of the forest condition has been made. Our brief visit to the Daalo escarpment demonstrates that the forest is certainly degraded in many areas. However, we cannot say how extensive this degradation is, whether there are areas of pristine forest, and how the degradation is affecting the biodiversity of the forests.
Deforestation is seems to be driven primarily by felling trees for timber and charcoal. Species especially prized for charcoal production include Acacia and Commiphora species. Juniperus seems to be largely felled for timber for construction and fence posts. Still, our research into the drivers of deforestation is still ongoing.